Traditionally, intelligence has been measured by short skill tests that measure proficiency in basic subjects such as reading and mathematics. Intelligence is still largely defined by the success criteria from these tests. But Howard Gardner, an academic at Harvard University, thinks that the intelligence does not depend on how easily we have solved something we just read, or how easily we solve an equation. That’s why the “Intelligence Theory of Multiple Intelligences” has emerged that emphasizes that intelligence is actually 9 types. He also argued that intelligence development techniques could be created in the light of these intelligence types. By knowing these types and their features we have some clues about how to increase your IQ.
How to Increase Your IQ
In Gardner’s theory, a mere ability is not enough to define one’s intelligence. The hypothesis suggests that many criteria must be taken into account in order for a person’s intelligence to be predicted, as in his 1983 book “Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Inteligences.” In Gardner’s theory, 9 different intelligences are:
1. Naturalistic Intelligence: The ability to understand the differences between living things and to be sensitive to the characteristics of natural life.
2. Logical-Mathematical Intelligence: The ability to understand the basic principles of causal systems.
3. Visual-Spatial Intelligence: The ability to perceive the spatial (3D) world in our minds.
4. Oral-Linguistic (Verbal) Intelligence: The capacity to express ideas in our mind using language and to understand other people.
5. Musical-Rhythmic Intelligence: Musical thinking, the ability to hear, recognize and manipulate musical motifs.
6. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence: The ability to use all parts of our body to solve problems or to produce something.
7. Inner Intelligence: It is the capacity to understand yourself, to know who you are, and to know what you can do.
8. Social intelligence: This type of intelligence is also related to the ability to understand other people. It includes the ability to communicate with people, to be friends.
9. Existential Intelligence: The ability to ask questions and to think about death and infinite realities.
1. Naturalistic Intelligence
This intelligence is defined as the ability to distinguish species animals, plants, and other beings in nature. Natural intelligence is praised as individuals. Scientific theories are truly successful in practicing real life. Landscape architects, naturalists and scientists are called natural intelligence. Do you want to be like these people too? Here are some techniques for developing your naturalistic intelligence:
Spend more time outdoors instead of indoors
If you want to be a part of nature, you must be inside the nature. You should not be the prisoner of comfort in your home. Activities such as traveling, traveling in the forests and mountainous areas and riding a bicycle will improve your ability to categorize and describe animals, plants and even rock formations.
Take care of gardening
Equip empty spaces of your house with plants by learning how to grow and maintain plants. You can improve your ability to perceive the natural environment.
2 Logical-Mathematical Intelligence
This type of intelligence, which expresses the ability to think abstractly and conceptually, has been developed more often by engineers, scientists and mathematicians. If you want to have exceptional skills in solving logical and mathematical problems, the following brain exercises will be quite helpful for you:
Play card games
Contrary to popular belief, you do not have to be boring to develop your logical intelligence. One of the most fun ways to improve your numerical intelligence is to play card games that trigger mental math. Games such as Crazy Eight, Go Fish and Gin Rummy are quite effective for teenagers as well as for adults to develop mathematical intelligence and have fun.
Join a math club
If you are really committed to improving your mathematical intelligence, join a math club that will make you informative and enjoyable at the same time. It may be boring, but it is not. Such clubs support you and at the same time provide you with learning in a social environment. By learning together with your friends and entering a competition in a collective environment, you will develop mathematical intelligence.
3 Visual-Spatial (3D) Intelligence
Abstract and concrete visualization skills are only one of the talents of people with visual intelligence. People with spatial intelligence with extraordinary abilities, such as thinking on pictures, have the ability to easily paint, construct and design objects. To improve your visual intelligence, you can be more interested in the following activities:
While developing your visual-spatial intelligence, you can have a good time at the same time. One of the most effective ways is to solve different kinds of puzzles. The Rubik Cube, which needs your ability to maneuver over objects in your mind, will create wonders in the development of your visual and spatial skills in Jigsaw puzzles and spatial puzzles.
Another fun way to improve your visual intelligence is to play chess. It is an unquestionable fact that the game is very useful to our brains. Besides enhancing our memories and enhancing our ability to solve problems, we also develop our creativity, the most important aspect of visual and spatial intelligence. With our rich creativity, you will feel that you have developed your ability to design objects such as architects and painters.
Use applications like Google Earth and Google Map frequently
Google Earth and Google Map applications will help you find your way in a place you do not know, and will also help your visual and spatial intelligence evolve. These programs will ultimately lead to the development of your sense of direction. These tools will make you a truly navigational device. Navigation tools such as GPS make you a careless driver. Trying to find your own way with the help of a map instead of using such devices is more useful for the blindness of your visual intelligence.
4 Verbal-Linguistic (Oral) Intelligence
People with verbal-verbal intelligence are highly sensitive to the meanings, voices and rhythms of the words. They are often at the top of the writing, reading, teaching and listening capacities. If you care about your private linguistic intelligence, consider the following intelligence-
- Keep a diary of things that interest you and make you wonder
- Go over the things that you find worthy. Write your own ideas about an original article or celebrity that is attractive to you.
- Write your thoughts about a country or city you want to see
Do you want to see Paris or live in England? When you get a chance to live somewhere other than your dreams, how do you imagine what kind of life you imagine and what kind of life style would you be different from your life now?
Get a literary artifact
It can be a story, a poem, a novel, or a game. Show your writing to a teacher or expert in your field and get back on your feet.
5 Musical Intelligence
Sound artists, composers and musicians usually
they have this intelligence. People with musical intelligence take sound and music sounds with a different sensitivity and are quite good at producing different types of rhythms and rhythms. By applying the following methods and exercises, you can improve your musical intelligence skills.
You might think that singing is not a suitable activity for you, but that does not mean you can not say it. You can sing very fine notes like your favorite singers, but you can record very important steps in your musical mind.
Learn to play an instrument
This is perhaps the most effective way to improve your musical intelligence. Working on a musical instrument allows you to learn basic tones, rhythms and treble, no matter how simple or complicated. As your ability to play instruments improves, you will have the ability to embody and visualize your musical intelligence as your idols.
Listen to music in different styles
Musical intelligence is not just about good singing and playing instruments. It is about being able to enjoy music, no matter how original or strange it is at that time. Familiarize yourself with your ear in different symphonies, from pop music to classical music to mixed music from classical music. you will have the ability to distinguish between different tones in the music world.
6 Physical-Kinesthetic Intelligence
When you dance, your feet move around, but is your partner floating like swans? There is a description of your injustice. While some people can not use their bodies well in physical things, physically intelligent people can very well coordinate their bodies (like sportsmen), exhibit many physical abilities at the same time (like dancers) and create masterpieces on objects (like sculpture). Physically intelligent people have perfect intuition about timing and brain-body coordination is almost perfect. People with this intelligence are often in professional groups such as craftsmen, dancers, athletes and surgeons. To improve this intelligence:
Get a hobby that you can use your physical skills
You can choose a sport such as football, basketball, tennis, a pot of dancing or pottery that you can use your hand skills. So you will notice a noticeable improvement in your body mind coordination.
7 Inner Intelligence
People who have the ability to understand themselves, their thoughts, their emotions, and those who appreciate these abilities well at the point of planning their lives are those with high intellectual intelligence. Internal intelligence requires self-appreciation and a broad understanding of one’s own situation. Internally, intelligent people have a deep knowledge of their own feelings and often become shy. Examples of this intelligence model are seen among philosophers, spiritual leaders, writers, and psychologists. For the development of inner intelligence:
Take time to listen to yourself
We are so accustomed to the noisiness of everyday life that we position ourselves completely against the outside world. Yet, the actions we have made without knowing who we are are dragging us into targets that will not make us happy. For example, a high student with a musical intelligence prepared for the university exam, even if he gains a very good score, will not succeed or be happy here, as everyone does so. As Yunus Emre puts it: “Science is knowledge / Science is self-knowledge / Science is self-knowledge / It is nice to read.” Therefore, we must begin to think about ourselves. All in all, I do not mean to be busy with yourself. Just take some time for this. You will see your awareness increase.
8 Social Intelligence
You have seen people who have unique talents in building social relationships with other people. People use their social intelligence to understand and communicate with other people in order to achieve success in social life. Social intelligence has the ability to interact effectively with people, verbally or non-verbally, they can feel their subconscious and thus develop different perspectives on social relations. This kind of intelligence exists in politicians, actors and teachers. This type of intelligence can also be found in young adults who are also involved in leadership roles. The development of social intelligence largely depends on how much you care about your relationships with people. If you take the necessary effort and become brave, your social intelligence will develop. Take a look at your communication mistakes for this. Relax while talking and be positive. Speak by choosing your words. Listen to the people on your side.
9 Existential Intelligence
Ordinary people continue their daily life without thinking too much about their being; People with existential intelligence think too much about these issues. These thoughts may contain the reasons and the ways of life and death. Many people do not even consider these thoughts at all. People who are devoted to their own existence try to discover the answers of questions such as why people come to life, how life happens and why they die. they also have the capacity and sensitivity to be able to think about what is beyond life and death. At the same time, this intelligence type is also defined as spiritual and moral intelligence, although there is not much debate about pathological intelligence.